I research and teach at the Department of Political Science at Stockholm University. My primary research interests lie in the intersection between politics, economics and philosophy, and my recently finished dissertation concerns individual duties to contribute to justice. I also work on questions concerning the distributive effects of the rapid development and deployment of Artificial Intelligence.
I defended my dissertation "Do Your Bit, Claim Your Share: Justice, Ethos, and the Individual Duty to Contribute", in November of 2020. The dissertation is about how individual action influences distributive justice, and how principles of distributive justice should influence individual action. Specifically, it addresses the questions of what justice requires of individuals, and why. I argue that individuals should not only comply with just institutions, but that they also have a pro tanto duty to contribute in their daily lives towards the furthering of a just society, based on principles of equality, reciprocity, and fairly sharing burdens. Further, I try to show that a system of informal and decentralised social sanctions – an ethos – is the best way to promote adherence to this duty. The dissertation develops and defends an account of contributive justice, specifying who should contribute to justice and why, as well as what a contribution is and how an individual duty to contribute should be enforced.
Parts of this project were conducted as a Fellow at the Department of Philosophy, Harvard University (fall 2018, invited by Lucas Stanczyk), and as a Visiting Doctoral Student at the Department of Politics and International Relations and The Centre for the Study of Social Justice, Oxford University (winter/spring of 2017, invited by Zofia Stemplowska). I also had the chance to be on two periods of parental leave during the project.
The social and ethical impact of Artificial Intelligence
I am interested in issues related to AI governance and the ethics of AI, and specifically, how the benefits and burdens created by increasingly capable AI are distributed more or less fairly, depending on how the governance of AI is arranged. My contributions to this field try to bring insights from theorizing about distributive justice to bear on the concrete problems and possibilities that transformative AI brings with it. I am currently writing two papers on this.
Egalitarianism and the Future of Work
I am co-organizing an international academic conference on Egalitarianism and the Future of Work together with Huub Brouwer (Utrecht/Tilburg) and Willem van der Deijl (Tilburg). Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the conference has been postponed, and is currently scheduled for May 2021. It will be hosted by the Institute for Futures Studies, and has received funding from the Bank of Sweden Tercentenary Foundation, and the Society for Applied Philosophy.
Other research interests
I am also exploring new areas and topics, including the legitimacy of systems of norms and sanctions, the moral aspect of markets, and the political and philosophical relevance of hypocrisy.
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2378-750X
DO YOUR BIT, CLAIM YOUR SHARE: JUSTICE, ETHOS, AND THE INDIVIDUAL DUTY TO CONTRIBUTE
Dissertation, Dept. of Political Science, Stockholm University. 2020
RESCUING JUSTICE FROM INDIFFERENCE: EQUALITY, PARETO, AND COHEN'S ETHOS
Social Theory and Practice, Volume 44, No. 4, pp. 485-506.
DEFINING THE DUTY TO CONTRIBUTE: AGAINST THE MARKET SOLUTION
European Journal of Political Theory., Volume 18, No. 4, pp. 469-488.
Article first published online: February 20, 2017; Issue published: October 1, 2019
BOOK REVIEW: JONATHAN WOLFF: VARFÖR LÄSA MARX IDAG?
Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, Volume 120, No. 3-4, pp. 610-612.
BOOK REVIEW: SOPHIA HATZISAVVIDOU, APPEARANCES OF ĒTHOS IN POLITICAL THOUGHT: THE DIMENSION OF PRACTICAL REASON
Political Studies Review, Volume 15, Issue 4, pp. 604-605.
BOOK REVIEW: G. A. COHEN, FINDING ONESELF IN THE OTHER
Journal of Moral Philosophy. Volume 12, No. 3, pp. 343–346.
Samtida politisk teori, Statsvetenskap III/II
(Contemporary political theory, Political Science III/II)
Självständigt arbete 15 ECTS
Politisk teori, Statsvetenskap I
(Political theory, Political science I)
Jämlikhetens teori och praktik, Statsvetenskap II
(The theory and practice of equality, Political Science II)
Södertörn University College:
Självständigt arbete 15 ECTS
markus [d o t] furendal [a t] statsvet [d o t] su [d o t] se